Spanning across an area of 128 square kilometres, Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the Wildlife Sanctuaries in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.
After the construction of the Dam in River Neyyar, the catchment area of the Reservoir was declared as Wildlife Sanctuary in the year 1958, which is known to be as Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary.
The River Neyyar originates from the Agasthyamalai peak, which the legends say is the home of sage Agasthya who is considered to be one of the seven rishis of Hindu Puranas. The water in Neyyar is therefore considered as Ghee and hence the name ‘Neyyar’ was proclaimed(‘Neyy’ in Malayalam means Ghee).
Neyyar Sanctuary also forms the core area of Agastyamala Biospere Reserve with Agastyavanam Biological Park and Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary on the North and Kalakkad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, Tamil Nadu on the eastern side. The important Peaks in the sanctuary are Agasthyarkoodam(1868m), Athirumala(1594m) and Varayattumudi(1420m).
Flora & Fauna:
The floral diversity in Neyyar WLS is very high and it is estimated that nearly 1000 species of flowering plants are identified in the sanctuary. 12% of the identified plants are endemic to the region and many of which are endangered. About 125 different species of orchids have been recorded from the sanctuary.
Neyyar wildlife Sanctuary is also home to 217 species of birds, 109 species of butterflies, 46 species of reptiles, 43 species of mammals, 27 species of fishes and 13 species of amphibians.
Major Mammals include Tiger, Leopard, Dhole, Sloth bear, Elephant, Gaur, Nilgiri tahr, Sambar deer, Mouse deer, Wild boar, Barking deer,Pangolin, Slender loris, Lion tailed macaque, Bonnet macaque, Nilgiri marten, Nilgiri langur, Smooth coated otter, Toddy cat, Small Indian civet, Jungle cat, Leopard cat, Malabar giant squirrel, Flying squirrel, Porcupine,Mongoose Sloth bear, Hare, etc.
Neyyar Dam Boating & Lion Safari Park:
One can avail boat ride at the reservoir which provides a panoramic view of Neyyar Dam and its catchment areas. Crossing the Neyyar River over the boat, once can get into the Lion Safari Park. Lion Safari park is situated at Marakkunnam Island, which is a fenced island covering an area of 10-acres. 4 Asiatic Lions with 3 female & 1 male lions((last updated: 04-Nov-2017) are present inside the Lion Safari Park. Neyyar WLS offers a Bus ride inside the fenced forest, which is one of its kind in Kerala.
We had a safari at Lion Safari Park on 04-Nov-2107, in which we spoted 3 female Asiatic Lions. For more details, please checkout the below video:
Deer Park & Crocodile Rehabilitation centre:
Apart from Lion Safari Park, Neyyar WLS also consits of Deer Park & Crocodile Rehabilitation centre. The Crocodile Rehabilitation and Research Centre was initially named after the late naturalist Steve Irwin as Steve Irwin National Park, but was changed to Crocodile Rehabilitation and Research Centre after getting a legal cease-and-desist notice alleging violation of intellectual property rights from Irwin’s estate.
Three rivers namely Neyyar, Mullayar and Kallar meets here. The climate is moderately hot with temperature randing from 20*c to 35*c and September – February is the most approprtiate season to visit Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary.
Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary Entry Fees:
|5 to 12 years||Rs. 12/-5|
|below 5 years||Rs. 5/-|
Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary Trekking:
Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary Provides various packages for its visitors which includes Boating, visit to Lion Safari park, Trekking & Camping. More details are as below:
|Package Name & Details||Duration||Timing|
|Boat Safari: Boating with Visit to Lion Safari Park, Crocodile Rehabilitation Centre, Deer Rehabilitation Centre||2 hours||9.00 am – 5.00 pm|
|Bus Safari: Visit to Lion Safari only by Bus||45 minutes||9.00 am – 5.00 pm|
|Agasthya Eco Tourism Centre: Visit to Agasthya Eco Tourism Centre||9.00 am – 5.00 pm|
|Boat Jumbo Safari: Bort Safari & Visiting ERC by Speed boat||2 hours||9.00 am – 5.00 pm|
|Bus Jumbo Safari: Bus Safari with Visit to Lion Safari Park, Crocodile Rehabilitation Centre, Deer Rehabilitation Centre & Elephant Rehabilitation Centre||2 hours||9.00 am – 5.00 pm|
|Kombai Cruise: Boating upto Kombai||2 hours||9.00 am – 5.00 pm|
|Kottamanpuram Cruise: Boating upto Kottamanpuram||30 minutes||9.00 am – 5.00 pm|
|Rowing in the lake: Boating by Rowing Boat||1 hour||9.00 am – 5.00 pm|
|Rowing & Trekking: Boating by rowing boat and trekking in Vettimurichakone Island with snacks||3 hours||9.00 am to 5.00 pm|
|Meenmutty Trekking: Combined with boating upto Kombai and trekking to Meenmutty with snacks||8 hours||8.00 am to 6.00 pm|
|Protection Oriented Camp:|
|Meenmutty Camp: Trekking combined with boating upto Kombai and one nght stay with food||26 hours||10.00 am to 12.00 noon next day|
|Kombai Camp: Trekking combined with boating upto Kombai and one night stay with food.||26 hours||10.00 am to 12.00 noon next day|
|Name:||Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary (Malayalam: നെയ്യാർ വന്യജീവി സങ്കേതം )|
|Best time to visit Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary:||September – February|
|Temperature:||20*c to 35*c|
|Area:||128 sq. km|
|Nearest Bus Station:||Kattakkada (about 11 kms.)|
|Nearest Railway Station:||Thiruvananthapuram (about 33 kms.)|
|Nearest Airport:||Thiruvananthapuram (about 43 kms.)|
How to Reach Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary:
Neyyar Sanctuary is 30kms from Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala and KSRTC operates frequent bus services from Thiruvananthapuram & Kattakada to Neyyar Dam
For more details:
Thiruvananthapram Wildofe Division
Socual Forestry Complex
PTR Nagar, Thiruvananthapuram -695013
Ph: 0471 – 2360762
Assistant Wildife Warden
Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary
Neyyar Dam P.O. – 695573
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